Several optic neuropathies-especially inflammatory optic neuropathies-are associated with neurological disorders and thus are often diagnosed and treated by neurologists. Advances in optic nerve imaging-particularly retinal digital photography, optical coherence tomography, and MRI techniques-have revolutionised the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with an optic neuropathy.
Furthermore, improvement and generalisation of some ancillary tests, such as diagnostic antibodies for neuromyelitis optica, allows better phenotyping of the heterogeneous inflammatory optic neuropathies.
Diagnosis and clinical features of common optic neuropathies. The mechanisms underlying optic neuropathies are diverse and typically manifest with decreased visual acuity, altered colour vision, and abnormal visual field in the affected eye. Европейские каталоги одежды из германии. Магазины с прикольными футболками в москве